Matthew 22:15-21 Pentecost 22-a

“Inscribed with the Image of God”
Matthew 22:15-22

I. Render unto Caesar, the things that are Caesars.
The Pharisees were plotting against Him. So they sent out some loyalists to try and trick him with a question.

They asked Him, “Tell us, Jesus, is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

He answered them, “Show Me the coin! Let me see what you use for the payment of the tax.”

They brought our Lord a coin and He asked them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” Whose image is stamped into the precious metal? Whose name is inscribed on the coin?

They answered, “Caesar’s.”

Jesus answers their malicious question and then goes on to teach them more. First he says, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s.” All people, whether believers in the LORD God or unbelievers, are to give to the state the things belonging to those offices making up the fabric of society. God works for our good by establishing the offices and orders of family and the state. God has established that the family or the home to be the building block of a nations and cultures and societies – the place where children are to be educated, disciplined, and trained for life by the husband and wife who conceived them and brought them into this world.

“The ‘powers that be,’ that is the government, no matter how good or bad they may be, are also ordained by God; they are His way, His necessary way, to preserve humanity. Without the law and order and, to a large degree, the protection afforded by a government or a state, the human race would soon destroy itself there would be anarchy as each seeks his own way. We are to honor and support these basic structures of family and government because they are ordained by God for our good. “Therefore render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s”

And perhaps you are saying to yourself, “No problem. I pay my taxes … federal, state, local, and property taxes … it might be as much as 25% of what I make goes just to pay my taxes. I don’t weasel out of jury duty. I obey the police officers when they stop me. I served in the armed forces, and I support the troops. When I really stop to think about it, I spend a lot of time and money in meeting my commitments to the state. I am a good citizen of the state. So, when Jesus said that we should render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, I have a clear conscience. I do that. I am a good citizen of the state.”

Well, maybe you are and maybe you’re not. God knows. That’s between you and God.

II. Render to God the things that are God’s
But let’s go on to the second part of Jesus answer – the part that follows the business about Caesar. “Therefore render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”

… to render unto God the things that are God’s.

At first blush, a you might think that, … “Well, I knew it was coming. Here’s the place where the pastor is going to make a pitch for increasing my offerings and tell me to get busy and do some volunteering of my time in the church.” And while that is always a good thing to be reminded of, this is NOT what Jesus is saying to us this morning

When Jesus says”[render] to God the things that are God’s” He answers the question with more than those who were plotting against Him were bargaining for. This is where Jesus teaches them, and you and me this morning, that the things of God are not primarily your time and money.

You recall that when Jesus was asked about paying taxes, He asked for a coin to be produced. It was and He asked, “Whose likeness and inscription is this? The coin bore the image, likeness, and inscription of Caesar.

What are the things of God that bear His image, likeness, and inscription? The coins in your pocket do not bear His image. The money in your wallet or purse does not have the likeness of the LORD on it. Neither the hours in your day nor the days in your life are inscribed with image of Christ. No, neither time nor possessions are primarily the things of God that Jesus is speaking about.

The things of God are those things that bear the image, likeness, and inscription of the LORD God Almighty. So what is it that Jesus is teaching us should be give to God? What bears His image and likeness?

III. Bearing the Image of God
In the very first chapter of the first book of the Bible, we read … Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them (Genesis 1:26-27).

My dear friends Man was made in the image and likeness of God.

At the Fall into sin our first parents lost the image of God and from the first child on, the children of Adam were born instead in his image and likeness—and that image and likeness have been declared by God to be sinful and unclean.

Yet as Christians, we are able to begin to bear the image of God … not because of who we are but because of what God has done for us and given to us …

We sing of that truth in the hymn, “Lift High the Cross,”

All newborn soldiers of the Crucified,
Bear on their brows the seal of Him Who died!

We were born in the image of the man of dust, yet we shall also bear the image of the Heavenly Man (1 Cor. 15:49) and we all … are being transformed into the same image (2 Cor. 3:18). In the last book of the Bible, the book of Revelation, the Apostle John tells us of his vision of the Lamb of God Who has taken away the sin of the world, the Lamb who has redeemed you and called you by name; John shows us the triumphant Christ, the Son of God standing on Mount Zion and with Him …you… you standing in Paradise among the multitude each of whom has the Father’s Name written on their foreheads (Revelation 14:1).

You are the things of God. He has created you. He has, by Christ Jesus’ sin-atoning death and victorious resurrection, redeemed you and your fallen image. He has provided an accomplished salvation in which He desires you to be His own once again. By His grace, mercy, and love, you bear the image and the inscription of God. And while we are not yet standing in Paradise we stand here in anticipation of that joyful eternity. As the Apostle Paul wrote: Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, by which also you are saved … For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures (1 Cor. 15).

What a blessed truth this is, one for which we thank and praise God! Truly, as one of His own “you are not your own; [for] you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body” (1 Cor. 6:19-20).

IV. Confessing the image of God
The rendering to God “the things of God” also include our confession. We confess who we are and whose we are.

We confess to the LORD that He is our God and we confess that by grace we are given the strength and desire to fear, love and trust in Him above all things.

Our confession includes not only that we have transgressed His Law in thought, word and deed, by what we have done and left undone, but also that these sins He have been taken from us. All of our sins, whether of the past, the present and the future, do not belong to us. They belong to Jesus who took them all upon Himself two thousand years ago. He has removed our sins from us as far as the east is from the west (Psalm 103:12).

Do you seek to have these things of God back? Do you want to take back the sins that Christ has taken to the cross of Calvary. Most certainly the answer is “no.” Rather the things of God includes our calling upon Him in every trouble, praying, praising and giving thanks to Him who has promised that He will remember our sin no more (Jeremiah 31:34).

On the day when Jesus spoke these words, a stunning, sobering event occurred. The Pharisees, who were physically in the church but spiritually outside the Kingdom of God, plotted against Jesus. The Bible tells us, when they heard Jesus’ answer, they marveled; and they left Him and went away. They didn’t like what they heard and so they left.

This is nothing new. Of dozens of LCMS congregations holding services this weekend, congregations whose members have pledged to remain steadfast in the confession of Christ and to be faithful members of the Body of Christ, fully 2/3 of those Lutherans are not in the Divine Service on any given weekend. So it is too with Emmaus. Yes, many have moved to the suburbs over the years, and many have moved into the mansions of heaven, but where are the rest? How many no longer come because of personal preference, or laziness, or indifference, or because it has become a habit NOT to come. How many have heard something that has made them uncomfortable—something that they didn’t like and left. These absent and lapsed members of Emmaus, of the Body of Christ need our care. If they cannot, will not come to the services at God’s house we must care for them, encourage them, and bring them back into the sheep-fold. If you know someone who is staying away from church on Sunday for any reason you and they need to know that the LORD God Almighty is not pleased. They are not here to hear that they, like you, are forgiven in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.

Again, you and I are the things of God. By His grace, mercy, and love, you bear the image and the inscription of God. Therefore, when Jesus says to render unto God the things of God, He is making talking to you—about you. The Holy Spirit teaches us this same truth through different words when the Apostle Paul writes:, I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service (Romans 12:1).

The psalmist asks the question that is perhaps on your mind right now. What shall I render to the LORD for all His bounty to me? (Psalm 116:12). That question ought to occupy your mind every single day that you awaken from sleep … every morning that you experience that mini-resurrection. How do you respond to the fact that you are one of the things of God and that you belong to Him and that whether you live or whether you die, you belong to Him? What should you think, what should you say, and what should you do in response to God’s great redeeming love and mercy?

The Holy Spirit, declares to us what we should do.

What shall I render to the Lord
for all his benefits to me?
I will lift up the cup of salvation
and call on the name of the Lord,
I will pay my vows to the Lord
in the presence of all his people.

Precious in the sight of the Lord
is the death of his saints.
O Lord, I am your servant;
I am your servant, the son of your maidservant.
You have loosed my bonds.

I will offer to you the sacrifice of thanksgiving
and call on the name of the Lord.
I will pay my vows to the Lord
in the presence of all his people,
in the courts of the house of the Lord,
in your midst, O Jerusalem.
Praise the Lord! (Psalm 116:12-19)


Matthew 22:1-14 – Twenty-First Sunday after Pentecost-a

The King’s Feast
Matthew 22:1-14

We do it all the time. In fact story writers pretty much count on it. When we read a story we identify with a character in the story. Sometimes we even read ourselves into the story as one of the characters. It is nobody’s fault; it is just how we humans seem to operate. We look at the characters and the story and try to make sense of it by who we are and the experiences of our own lives.

But we can’t do that with the parables of Jesus. Because if we try putting ourselves in the parable and try to make sense of it with the experiences of our own lives, you will end up focusing on the wrong thing and miss the point of the parable– we will end up focusing on the sinful people and what they are doing.

The right place to start with this parable is where Jesus starts. He starts with the King of Heaven

Jesus is not telling you what to do, but proclaiming the great things God has done for you. Therefore, as we look at today’s parable, we don’t focus on the wedding guests, even though we’ll get to them. No, this parable is about the king.

It’s a simple story, and you’d think it would stay that way. The king has arranged a marriage for his son, and he is sparing no expense for the festivities. He sends out the invitations to those whose company he desires—and who is going to say no? This is the king! At worse, you accept it because you want to make sure the king knows you showed up. At best—and this is a really good “at best”, this is going to be the celebration of the year. There will be food and drink in abundance. Everything is going to be perfect. You don’t want to miss THIS party.

But the guests who were invited don’t want to come. Ever the gracious host, the king sends out servants to invite them personally: “All the work has been done, and all things are ready! It’s all free for you! Come to the wedding feast of my son!” Once again, who would say no? You’d have to be blind, hostile to the king to skip this invitation. Yet some decline his invitation, saying things like they must keep working on the farm or at the business: crazy, but some people prefer to muck out the cattle stalls than to spend a day with the king. And this is where the story takes a really ugly twist: rather than say no to the servants, some seize them, treat them terribly and kill them.

The king invited them to a party in goodwill, and they RSVP with the blood of his servants. Such evil must be dealt with, so it should come as no surprise that the king sends out his army against his subjects who want nothing to do with him and he destroys those who killed the messengers of good news,.

But what now? The plans are already set. The marriage has been arranged and declared, and the king will not go back on his word. Even though the guest list proved hostile, he will still have guests at his son’s wedding. He says to his servants, “The wedding feast is ready, but those invited were not worthy. Go to the main roads and invite to the wedding feast as many as you find.” The servants go out and find whoever they can. It is, no doubt, a motley crew—not the sort of people who you’d normally find in the king’s dinning hall. They often have lower incomes, their houses are in need of repair, some are held back by one problem or another, and some, well some might even have checkered pasts. Nevertheless, the servants extend the king’s invitation, and the wedding hall is packed with guests. They would be a pretty scruffy looking lot by most kingly standards, maybe even laughable to the king’s enemies, but the king takes care of everything. As goes the custom of such weddings in Jesus’ time, the king gives each guest a wedding garment to wear. This is his son’s wedding, and he spares no expense. Whoever received his invitation and came to the wedding receives clothing, food and drink—all by the king’s doing. Once they’re in the feast, they’ll all look like the king’s own children, because the king provides all.

And yet, Jesus says, when the king surveys the wedding hall, there is one man who has rejected wearing a wedding garment. Please note: this is not a matter of poverty on his part, because the king has provided clothes for each guest. Rather, the guest has said, “I will go to the king’s hall, but only on my terms; I’ll go just as I am.” His appearance is a sign of disrespect to spite the king, and the king does not take the offense lightly. “Friend,” he says, “how did you get in here without a wedding garment?” And when the man has no response, the king commands his servants, “’Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” It is an honor to be in the presence of the king, and certain decorum is required; it is a great pity that the man is unprepared, since the king sought to give him everything he needed. But if he does not desire to be the king’s guest, then he has no place at the wedding.

It seems odd, but the king will come under attack. He will be criticized for destroying the first set of guests, even though they killed his servants who came with good news. The headlines will be all about how he throws out the one guest into darkness, even though it was the man’s own fault. In fact, while many notice such aspects of the parable, they’ll miss the amazing, wonderful point: the wedding hall is packed full of people who had no idea they would be guests of the king. If you’re one of the guests who scoffed at the king’s generosity, then you’re not going to like this story. But if you started out as a commoner on the byways, this parable has a very happy ending. When the day began, you were a nobody out there somewhere. Now, the king has given you all good things. And as long as this feast lasts, you are the king’s people, members of his household.

And here’s some more good news: the feast is going to last forever.

Remember, this parable is about the kingdom of heaven. In Revelation 19, heaven is called the “marriage of the Lamb” (v. 7): it’s a wedding feast! And the Lord goes on to say, “Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!” (Rev. 19:9). Here is your reason to rejoice, today and always: the Lord has called you to that marriage supper.

He has done all that is necessary to prepare it. Rather than kill the fatted cattle for a fine BBQ and some terrific steaks, He sacrificed His own Son the very Lamb of God: the Son must die for the bride to be redeemed. He has also raised His Son, Jesus Christ, from the dead: and so all is prepared for the wedding supper. The marriage feast will happen.

Throughout the centuries, He has called out His invitation. To Israel in the Old Testament, He sent prophet after prophet after prophet. The words might have been different, but the invitation was always the same: “Israel, I have promised to send a Savior, and I keep My promise. Because He will die for you, heaven is yours. Therefore, turn from false gods and idols that cannot raise you from the dead. Forsake those sins that keep you from Me. The wedding feast is coming, and it is all for you!”

You know what happened. Time and time again, the people refused the invitation. When the Lord continued to send prophets to call them to the wedding feast, they began to beat them, persecute them, scorn them…kill them. Eventually, the Lord had enough. He allowed first the Assyrians, then the Babylonians, to conquer, capture, and carry-off the children of Israel. If people did not want His help and protection, He would not force them to be safe. Because they rejected Him and killed His messengers, they and their cities were destroyed.

The Lord still faithfully sends out His messengers today: not just to Israel, but to all nations. Around the world, pastors publicly preach, in the stead and by the command of Jesus, the Good News that all are invited to the feast of heaven for Jesus’ sake. All around the world, Christians share the Gospel as they have opportunity. All around the world, the Holy Spirit works by that Word. People hear and believe by the Spirit’s work, and so they are numbered among the wedding guests for eternity.

But…many also do not believe. In fact, many seek to persecute the Church for the message of Jesus. Insulated and protected as we are, it is difficult to believe that Christians suffer, and suffer terribly, for proclaiming the Gospel. Houses are lost, children are kidnapped and Christians are killed for the faith. The king’s messengers still die for inviting people to the feast. In America, we are still quite safe, perhaps suffering a snub in the neighborhood or the loss of a job for our faith. But should you witness such trouble or be its victim, the devil will use it to turn the screws. He will seek to convince you to abandon Christ, lest you suffer hardship for the faith. When you are tempted to give up or give in, or to be enticed away, denounce Satan, for he is the one who tries to rob us of our faith and our church. When you are tempted to moderate your faith to avoid trouble in this world, confess the sin and be forgiven. For the sake of Christ, the eternal feast is yours.

As you go about your life, beware of one more temptation—it is the temptation of the guest without wedding clothes. When the Lord invites you to the wedding, He gives you all good things. By His Word, He gives you the faith to believe and thus He transforms you into His own. By Holy Baptism, He clothes you with Christ and His righteousness (Gal. 3:27); by water and the Word, you are prepared and robed for the wedding. By His Holy Supper, He keeps you fed and nourished until the marriage feast of the Lamb in heaven; and indeed, each Holy Communion is a foretaste of the feast to come. Jesus is present here though unseen, He has gathered you here at Emmaus to meet Him in His Word of forgiveness, to be washed in the water of Holy Baptism, and to be strengthened and renewed by His body and blood in bread and wine. In heaven, we will stand in the glorious presence of the risen Savior, and the feast will go on forever.

The Old Adam that speaks so convincingly to each of us will always tempt you to believe that heaven is yours because you have done enough good, or haven’t done enough bad to be kept out, or you’ve been doing better than others and so God should cut you a break. No matter how you slice it, such temptations say that you go to the wedding by your own efforts. They say that your righteous works are proper attire to wear in the presence of God. Therefore, heed the Word of the Lord from Isaiah: our works are not glorious before God! “We are all like an unclean thing, and all our righteousness are like filthy rags” (Is. 64:6). It is sin to wear the clothes of your own righteousness to the eternal feast for your own efforts are filthy. When we start counting our works as righteousness, when we count a moral and upright life as our justification before God, we snub the Savior who died to clothe us with His righteousness. And on the last day, the day of the wedding feast, all those wearing their own righteousness before the King will be cast out into outer darkness, where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth. That is why you rejoice daily to confess your sins and rid yourself of filthy rags; and that is why you daily rejoice in the forgiveness of Christ, who clothes you with righteousness for the wedding day.

This is the Good News: you have a place at the marriage feast of the Lamb, and the feast will last forever.

Here’s more Good News: you’re not just a guest of the King. You have married into the family—WE ARE THE BRIDE! St. Paul writes in Ephesians 5, “Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for her, that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word, that He might present her to Himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle or any such thing, but that she should be holy and without blemish” (Eph. 5:25-27). It would be more than a blessing to be a doorkeeper in the house of the Lord, but that is not the Lord’s plan for you. You are not a wedding guest, but God loves you so much that He has gathered you together as the bride of His Son, and He has cleansed and prepared you, made you pure and holy by Christ’s own holy, precious blood, and His bitter suffering and death. You’re not just invited to an everlasting marriage feast. You’re invited to your wedding, where you are united with Your Savior forever. In Christ, your Bridegroom, yours is not an eternity of outer darkness, weeping and the gnashing of teeth. In Christ, the banquet feast of heaven is yours, for He has made it so: for you are forgiven for all of your sins, in the name of the Father and + of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen.