The Lord’s Prayer – The Fifth and Sixth Petition
And forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us.
There is here attached a necessary, yet comforting addition: “As we forgive.”… Just as we daily sin much against God, and yet He forgives everything through grace, so we, too, must ever forgive our neighbor who does us injury, violence, and wrong…. If, therefore, you do not forgive, then do not think that God forgives you. But if you forgive, you have this comfort and assurance, that you are forgiven in heaven. This is not because of your forgiving. For God forgives freely and without condition, out of pure grace, because He has so promised, as the Gospel teaches. But God says this in order that He may establish forgiveness as our confirmation and assurance, as a sign alongside of the promise, which agrees with this prayer in Luke 6:37, “Forgive, and you will be forgiven.”
—Large Catechism, Part 3:93-6
And lead us not into temptation.
Temptation… is of three kinds: of the flesh, of the world, and of the devil. For we dwell in the flesh and carry the old Adam about our neck…. The old Adam encourages us to have all kinds of evil lusts, which cling to us by nature and to which we are moved by the society, the example, and what we hear and see of other people.… [The world] offends us in word and deed. It drives us to anger and impatience.… No one is willing to be the least. Everyone desires to sit at the head of the group and to be seen before all…. [The devil] especially agitates matters that concern the conscience and spiritual affairs. He leads us to despise and disregard both God’s Word and works.
—Large Catechism, Part 3:101-4
“Lead us not into temptation”… refers to times when God gives us power and strength to resist the temptation. However, the temptation is not taken away or removed. While we live in the flesh and have the devil around us, no one can escape his temptation and lures. It can only mean that we must endure trials—indeed, be engulfed in them. But we say this prayer so that we may not fall and be drowned in them.
—Large Catechism, Part 3:106
Lenten Catechesis from Treasury of Daily Prayer © 2008 Concordia Publishing House.
Used with permission.
All rights reserved. www.cph.org
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